Target Health Blog

Oncology

Cancer Death Rates Continue to Decline

April 3, 2017

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Oncology

According to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2014, published early online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI; 31 March 2017), overall cancer death rates continue to decrease in men, women, and children for all major racial and ethnic groups. The report finds that death rates during the period 2010-2014 decreased for 11 of the 16 most common types of cancer in men and for 13 of the 18 most common types of cancer in women, including lung, colorectal, female breast, and prostate cancers. Meanwhile, death rates increased for cancers of the liver, pancreas, and brain in men and for liver and uterine cancer in women. The report finds overall cancer incidence rates, or rates of new cancers, decreased in men but stabilized in women during the period 1999-2013.

The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network Study Identifies Genomic Features of Cervical Cancer

January 30, 2017

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Oncology

Cervical cancer accounts for more than 500,000 new cases of cancer and more than 250,000 deaths each year worldwide. According to NIH, the vast majority of cases of cervical cancer are caused by persistent infection with oncogenic types of HPV, and that effective preventive vaccines against the most oncogenic forms of HPV have been available for a number of years, with vaccination having the long-term potential to reduce the number of cases of cervical cancer.

Clinical Trial Demonstrates Shrinkage in Pediatric Neural Tumors

January 9, 2017

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Oncology

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), also called von Recklinghausen’s disease, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the development of multiple noncancerous (benign) tumors of nerves and skin (neurofibromas) and areas of abnormally decreased or increased coloration (hypo- or hyperpigmentation) of the skin. Areas of abnormal pigmentation typically include pale tan or light brown discolorations (cafe-au-lait spots) on the skin of the trunk and other regions as well as freckling, particularly under the arms (axillary) and in the groin (inguinal) area.

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