Target Health Blog

The Intellectually and Developmentally Disabled are Disproportionately Affected by COVID-19

September 9, 2020

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COVID-19
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According to a paper out of the Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Centers (IDDRC) Network, and published in the American Journal of Psychiatry (28 August 2020), the COVID-19 pandemic has taken a disproportionate toll on people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs)

A large number of people with IDD who require in-person care have lost the support of trained caregivers and community service providers due to the pandemic. The authors note that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and others have issued guidelines for group homes, schools, and others entrusted with the care of people with IDD. According to the authors, it is vital to ensure that when they return to work, care staff exercise techniques and procedures to protect their clients from infection. Moreover, people with IDD depend on caregivers and loved ones to help them bridge gaps in intellectual and communication abilities. In the absence of this human contact, the authors call for virtual care and support, where viable. Those who cannot benefit from screen-based supports should be prioritized to receive in-person services.

Suspension of classroom time also disproportionately affects children with IDD, who often require special educational services, increased teacher-student ratios, and specialized interventions, many of which need to be administered in person. It is difficult for families to take on these tasks, and qualified in-home surrogates should be mobilized whenever possible to meet this need and to support parents' efforts. Also, people with IDD often cannot verbalize their symptoms during telemedicine appointments, and physicians need to use their best judgement in providing in-person care for them when necessary, according to the authors. The article emphasizes that people with IDD who are infected with COVID-19 should receive equal access to testing and appropriate medical care.

Source: NIH

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